As a general rule, you should always try and avoid too much cropping unless you absolutely need to - leave this to the buyer as much as you can.
Buyers often like to crop images to fit their intended use, and the more flexibility you can provide them with, the more likely your images will be licensed and used.
To minimise cropping as much as you can, we recommend concentrating on the composition of your image ‘in camera’, and practice getting it the right first time, to avoid lengthy and unnecessary post-production later.
However, even once you've mastered getting the compositions you want, there will always be occasions where cropping will be useful and necessary.
And to help you get into the habit of best-practices when cropping your images, here are our 5 tips for you.